Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Problems

Learn more about the various diseases that can be grouped under the category Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Problems

Blurred Vision (Eye Problems)

The term blurred vision describes the loss of sharpness of one’s eyesight, making objects seem hazy and out of focus. Those affected might only recognize objects or the environment as if they are looking “through a veil”. Eye strain from using screens for prolonged periods or focusing on something for too long without taking a break, driving at night or poor weather can result in blurred vision. Blurred vision may affect one or both of the eyes and depending on the cause, it could either be temporary or permanent. A rapid and significant loss of vision should be taken seriously, as it may be a condition such as glaucoma or cataract. Furthermore, migraine attacks, brain disorders, diabetes or multiple sclerosis can also cause changes in one’s vision.

Dizziness and Vertigo

Dizziness and vertigo can occur once or repeatedly in different forms. It is usually harmless, but sometimes there is a serious illness behind it, especially diseases of the inner ear, neurological and vascular diseases and psychological disorders. Particularly in old age, dizziness often occurs in combination with vertigo. The cause can be various drugs that are taken in combination with fluctuating blood pressure and advanced nerve damages.


Sinusitis is the swelling of the mucous membrane in the paranasal sinuses. Respiratory viruses causing the common cold or flu, can lead to acute sinusitis. If the condition lasts longer than three months, it is considered as chronic sinusitis. When one has a cold, the nose is no longer sufficiently ventilated and the secretion that does not run off anymore can cause the swelling of the mucous membrane of the nose and the paranasal sinuses. Typical symptoms are a blocked nose and cough, fever, swelling and pus collection. Pain often occurs in the forehead, jaw or around the eyes and typically the head hurts badly when bending over too quickly.

Sore Throat

Viruses cause about 90% of sore throats, with bacteria and other causes such as overuse of the voice accounting for the balance. The result is the swelling of the throat, tonsils or larynx, which can give a sensation of a scratchy or painful throat. Having a sore throat makes it A sore throat results in difficultly in swallowing, hoarseness and even bad breath due to infection. Depending on where the pathogens settle, they can cause many more symptoms such as swollen, painful lymph nodes on the throat which might have palpations. A fever, headaches, tiredness, burning nose, sneezing, sniffling can also be the result of the infected throat. Allergies, irritants from the environment, heartburn or chronic illnesses can also be the cause of a sore throat.


Tinnitus is the perception of noise the ears, which can occur suddenly in the form of ringing, whistling, buzzing, humming or hissing. The most frequent causes are stress, noise or blast trauma, sudden deafness, ear diseases, cardiovascular diseases, side effects of medication, but in most cases the cause isn’t determined. Acute tinnitus can last for up to three months, where individuals only perceive the sounds for a few seconds before they disappear. If these symptoms persist for more than half a year, the tinnitus is classified as chronic.