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dizziness and vertigo

Diseases that can cause this symptom:


Anaemia is the deficiency of red blood pigment and / or red blood cells and thus a too low proportion of blood cells in the body to carry adequate oxygen to your body’s tissues. Having anaemia can make you feel tired and weak. Women are more susceptible because of their menstrual periods. An imbalanced diet or certain genetic chronic diseases can also lead to anaemia. Signs of anaemia are paleness, dizziness, headaches, tiredness and lack of concentration, along with shortness of breath and chest pains and increased susceptibility to infections.

Anxiety and Heart Palpitations

Anxiety is a normal emotion. It’s your brain’s way of reacting to stress and potential threatening situation ahead.

It is part of life but if it gets out of control, it can become pathological and impair the quality of life. Most often fears occur in connection with heart disease, respiratory diseases or thyroid disorders.  Depression or another mental illness, disorders of the nervous system and the brain can be the cause for it. Anxiety can trigger various symptoms such as heart palpitations, shortness of breath, dizziness, trembling, nausea, vomiting and sweating.

Chronic Heart Failure

Heart failure is a long-term progressive heart disease that tends to get gradually worse over time. It can occur at any age but is most common in with the elderly. The pumping function of the heart is reduced, therefore not enough blood, oxygen and nutrients can reach organs and parts of the body. The most common signs are breathing difficulties, tiredness and listlessness, increased swelling (oedema) especially on the legs and ankles, chest pain or tightness, cold feeling in the limbs, coughing, weight gain, severe exhaustion, frequent nocturnal urination, dizziness and concentration problems.

Dizziness and Vertigo

Dizziness and vertigo can occur once or repeatedly in different forms. It is usually harmless, but sometimes there is a serious illness behind it, especially diseases of the inner ear, neurological and vascular diseases and psychological disorders. Particularly in old age, dizziness often occurs in combination with vertigo. The cause can be various drugs that are taken in combination with fluctuating blood pressure and advanced nerve damages.


Blood pressure is the force that a person’s blood exerts against the walls of their blood vessels. The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure (Hypertension). Currently, blood pressure values up to 139/89 mmHg are considered normal or high normal, while 120/80 mmHg are classified as optimal. Often, with no warning signs at first and developing insidiously, hypertension damages organs after a short time, because the small blood vessels are particularly affected. Later on, general symptoms may occur at first, such as dizziness, headaches, palpitations, shortness of breath on exertion, nervousness and sometimes even sleep disturbances.


Low blood pressure (hypotension) does not lead to serious vascular and organ damage such as a stroke or heart attack, in contrast to high blood pressure, it actually spares the vessels, the heart and the entire circulation.

The blood pressure should ideally be below 120/ 80 mmHg. If the systolic value (the top value) is below 110 (men) or 100 (women) and the diastolic value (bottom value) below 60, the World Health Organization (WHO) speaks of hypotension. Depending on the person, either feeling nothing, uncomfortable or quite ill, hypotension can lead to the following symptoms: dizziness, stargazing or fatigue, depression.

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