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Many young women in particular, have sometimes severe symptoms before or at the beginning of their menstruation, which is called “premenstrual syndrome” (PMS). Strong hormonal changes and other physical processes around the menstrual period are the cause, but in most women, these decrease over the years. Possible physical symptoms include for example headaches and chest tightness, abdominal pain, circulation problems, weight gain, oedema and indigestion. Psychological symptoms include lack of concentration, exhaustion, listlessness, hypersensitivity, irritability and mood swings.
The occurrence of PMS is closely related to the Liver, Spleen and Kidney, with the Liver being the most important. The Liver is the most prone to be affected through the Spleen due to Liver Qi Stagnation, and Liver Blood needs the nourishment of Kidney Essence. Therefore, the clinical common pathological conditions are Liver Qi Stagnation, Spleen and Kidney Yang Deficiency, Phlegm Fire harassing upwards.
Abdominal and breast swelling, irritability, moodiness, depression, restlessness, insomnia, weepiness, tiredness, hypochondriac pain and swelling.